Since people use the term “voter fraud” to mean many different things, it is often important to clarify what a person means when they use the term. Below are 8 common types of potential voter fraud:
- Double Voting – An individual casts more than one ballot in the same election.
- Ineligible Voter – The casting of a ballot by a person who is not eligible to voter. This can include non-citizens or felons who have not had their rights restored.
- Dead Voter – The name of a deceased person remains on the voter rolls and a living person fraudulently casts a ballot in that name.
- Voter Suppression – Any tactic aimed at lowering or suppressing the number of voters who might otherwise vote in an election.
- Voter Registration Fraud – Filling out and submitting a voter registration form for a fictional person; filling out a voter registration form with the name of a real person, but without that person's consent, and forging his or her signature on the form; changing information on a voter registration form once it has been completed; not turning in completed voter registration forms on time; or discarding completed voter registration forms due to party affiliation.
- Voter Impersonation – A person claims to be someone else when casting a vote, either in person or on an absentee ballot.
- Vote Buying – Agreements between voters and others to buy and sell votes, such as a candidate paying voters to vote for him or her, or a voter offering to sell him or her vote for money.
- Fraud by Election Officials – Manipulation of ballots by officials administering the election, such as tossing out ballots, casting ballots in voters' names, or changing votes from one candidate to another.